Filter by

Price
STYLES
Filter
Show results

Moor Vases Sicily

Moor Vases Sicily

These beautiful vases are made in Ceramic, heads of a Moorish women or men, a traditional Sicilian achievement - Italy. This magnificent vases are produced and painted by hand in Sicily and distributed exclusively by Arteslonga.

Discover here the Legend of these Moorish vases.

The Moors were members of the Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber origin. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756-1492).

During the Arab domination in Sicily, in the city of Palermo there was an Arab suburb called "La Kalsa". In this small suburb lived a beautiful young woman who spent her time tending to the flowers on her balcony. One day a young Moor was walking under the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the young lady and he fell in love with her.

He did not wait a minute to declare his love and the beautiful young girl, impressed by the audacity of the lover, quickly experienced the same love.

Unfortunately, the young Moor was already married and had several children ... as soon as the young woman found out that he could leave to find his family, one day she waited for night and killed him while he slept soundly. She cut off his head and used it as a vase for her plants so she could have him forever by her side.

As the beauty of this vase was remarkable, the whole neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.

From this moment, the creation of vases in the shape of the heads of Moors began...

  • Moor Ceramic Vase, Matt Mud Color

    €1,000.00

    Ceramic vase, male Moor's head with representation of beautiful yellow lemons, made entirely by hand in Sicily - Italy.

    Handcrafted in ceramic, double firing and hand painted.

    The Moors were members of the Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber origin. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756-1492).

    THE LEGEND :

    During the Arab domination in Sicily, in the city of Palermo there was an Arab suburb called "La Kalsa".

    In this small suburb lived a beautiful young woman who spent her time tending to the flowers on her balcony.

    One day a young Moor was walking under the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the young lady and he fell in love with her.

    He did not wait a minute to declare his love and the beautiful young girl, impressed by the audacity of the lover, quickly experienced the same love.

    Unfortunately, the young Moor was already married and had several children ... as soon as the young woman found out that he could leave to find his family, one day she waited for night and killed him while he slept soundly. She cut off his head and used it as a vase for her plants so she could have him forever by her side.

    As the beauty of this vase was remarkable, the whole neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.

    From this moment, the creation of vases in the shape of the heads of Moors began...

  • Giant Ceramic Vase Woman Moor Head

    €2,084.00
    Magnificent traditional ceramic vase in the shape of a Moorish woman's head in green or malachite color - Italy. An extreme delicacy.
    Handcrafted in ceramic, double fired. Completely made and painted by hand by the original artisan producer from Caltagirone - Sicily.
    Distributed exclusively by Arteslonga.
    The Moors were members of the Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber origin. In the 8th century, they converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756-1492).
    THE LEGEND :
    During the Arab rule in Sicily, in the city of Palermo there was an Arab suburb called "La Kalsa".
    In this small suburb there lived a beautiful young woman who spent her time taking care of the flowers on her balcony.
    One day, a young Moor was walking under the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the young lady and he fell in love with her.
    He did not wait a minute to declare his love and the beautiful young girl, impressed by the lover's audacity, quickly felt the same love.
    Unfortunately, the young Moor was already married and was the father of several children... as soon as the young woman discovered that he might leave to find his family one day, she waited until nightfall and killed him while he was sound asleep. She cut off his head and used it as a vase for her plants so that she could have him by her side forever.
    As the beauty of this vase was remarkable, the whole neighborhood wanted to own one like it.
    From this moment, the creation of vases in the shape of Moorish heads began...
  • Ceramic Vase, Green Woman Moor Head

    €750.00
    Ceramic vase, head of a Moorish woman, Sicily - Italy.
    Handcrafted in ceramic, double fired and hand painted in Italy.
    The moors were members of Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber descent. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756–1492).
    THE LEGEND : 
    During the Arab domination in Sicily, in Palermo city, there was an Arab Suburb called "La Kalsa".
    In this small suburb was living a beautiful young lady who used to spend her time in taking care of the flowers on her balcony.
    One day, a young moor was walking down the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the lady and he truly fell in love with her.
    He did not wait a minute to declare his love for her, and the beautiful young lady, impressed by the lover's boldness, started feeling the same love.
    Unfortunately, the young moor was already married and was father of a few kids... as soon as the young lady found out that he would have left for going back to his family, she waited until the night and killed him while he was sleeping deeply. She cut his head and used it as a vase for her plants, so that she could have him forever by her side.
    As the beauty of this vase was magnificent, all the neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.
    From that moment, they decide to create ceramics moor heads as vases.
  • Ceramic Vase, Woman Moor Head

    €667.00
    Ceramic vase, head of a Moorish woman, Sicily - Italy.
    Handcrafted in ceramic, double fired and hand painted in Italy.
    The moors were members of Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber descent. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756–1492).
    THE LEGEND : 
    During the Arab domination in Sicily, in Palermo city, there was an Arab Suburb called "La Kalsa".
    In this small suburb was living a beautiful young lady who used to spend her time in taking care of the flowers on her balcony.
    One day, a young moor was walking down the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the lady and he truly fell in love with her.
    He did not wait a minute to declare his love for her, and the beautiful young lady, impressed by the lover's boldness, started feeling the same love.
    Unfortunately, the young moor was already married and was father of a few kids... as soon as the young lady found out that he would have left for going back to his family, she waited until the night and killed him while he was sleeping deeply. She cut his head and used it as a vase for her plants, so that she could have him forever by her side.
    As the beauty of this vase was magnificent, all the neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.
    From that moment, they decide to create ceramics moor heads as vases.
  • Ceramic Vase, Moor Man Head with Lemons

    €559.00

    Ceramic vase, male Moor's head with representation of beautiful yellow lemons, made entirely by hand in Sicily - Italy.

    Handcrafted in ceramic, double firing and hand painted.

    The Moors were members of the Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber origin. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756-1492).

    THE LEGEND :

    During the Arab domination in Sicily, in the city of Palermo there was an Arab suburb called "La Kalsa".

    In this small suburb lived a beautiful young woman who spent her time tending to the flowers on her balcony.

    One day a young Moor was walking under the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the young lady and he fell in love with her.

    He did not wait a minute to declare his love and the beautiful young girl, impressed by the audacity of the lover, quickly experienced the same love.

    Unfortunately, the young Moor was already married and had several children ... as soon as the young woman found out that he could leave to find his family, one day she waited for night and killed him while he slept soundly. She cut off his head and used it as a vase for her plants so she could have him forever by her side.

    As the beauty of this vase was remarkable, the whole neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.

    From this moment, the creation of vases in the shape of the heads of Moors began...

  • Ceramic Vase, Moor Head Man - H48cm

    €825.00

    Ceramic vase, head of a Moorish man, a traditional Sicilian achievement - Italy. This magnificent vase is produced and painted by hand in Caltagirone in Sicily and distributed exclusively by Arteslonga.

    Handcrafted in ceramic, double firing. Entirely made and painted by hand in Caltagirone (Italy).

    The Moors were members of the Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber origin. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756-1492).

    THE LEGEND :

    During the Arab domination in Sicily, in the city of Palermo there was an Arab suburb called "La Kalsa".

    In this small suburb lived a beautiful young woman who spent her time tending to the flowers on her balcony.

    One day a young Moor was walking under the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the young lady and he fell in love with her.

    He did not wait a minute to declare his love and the beautiful young girl, impressed by the audacity of the lover, quickly experienced the same love.

    Unfortunately, the young Moor was already married and had several children ... as soon as the young woman found out that he could leave to find his family, one day she waited for night and killed him while he slept soundly. She cut off his head and used it as a vase for her plants so she could have him forever by her side.

    As the beauty of this vase was remarkable, the whole neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.

    From this moment, the creation of vases in the shape of the heads of Moors began...

  • Ceramic Vase, Man Moor Blue and Lilac

    €750.00
    Man Moor Head Vase made in ceramic Lilac and Blue, made in Sicily - Italy. Old ancient finishing, ceramic, double cooking entirely made and painted by hand in Caltagirone. The moors were members of Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber descent.
  • Ceramic Vase, Moor Head Man - H48cm

    €825.00

    Ceramic vase, head of a Moorish man, a traditional Sicilian achievement - Italy. This magnificent vase is produced and painted by hand in Caltagirone in Sicily and distributed exclusively by Arteslonga.

    Handcrafted in ceramic, double firing. Entirely made and painted by hand in Caltagirone (Italy).

    The Moors were members of the Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber origin. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756-1492).

    THE LEGEND :

    During the Arab domination in Sicily, in the city of Palermo there was an Arab suburb called "La Kalsa".

    In this small suburb lived a beautiful young woman who spent her time tending to the flowers on her balcony.

    One day a young Moor was walking under the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the young lady and he fell in love with her.

    He did not wait a minute to declare his love and the beautiful young girl, impressed by the audacity of the lover, quickly experienced the same love.

    Unfortunately, the young Moor was already married and had several children ... as soon as the young woman found out that he could leave to find his family, one day she waited for night and killed him while he slept soundly. She cut off his head and used it as a vase for her plants so she could have him forever by her side.

    As the beauty of this vase was remarkable, the whole neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.

    From this moment, the creation of vases in the shape of the heads of Moors began...

  • Ceramic Vase, Woman Moor Head

    €667.00
    Ceramic vase, head of a Moorish woman, Sicily - Italy.
    Head-shaped vase, Italian-made to the smallest detail, all decorations are applied and hand painted making each piece unique.
    Handcrafted in ceramic, double fired and hand painted in Italy.
    The moors were members of Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber descent. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756–1492).
    THE LEGEND : 
    During the Arab domination in Sicily, in Palermo city, there was an Arab Suburb called "La Kalsa".
    In this small suburb was living a beautiful young lady who used to spend her time in taking care of the flowers on her balcony.
    One day, a young moor was walking down the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the lady and he truly fell in love with her.
    He did not wait a minute to declare his love for her, and the beautiful young lady, impressed by the lover's boldness, started feeling the same love.
    Unfortunately, the young moor was already married and was father of a few kids... as soon as the young lady found out that he would have left for going back to his family, she waited until the night and killed him while he was sleeping deeply. She cut his head and used it as a vase for her plants, so that she could have him forever by her side.
    As the beauty of this vase was magnificent, all the neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.
    From that moment, they decide to create ceramics moor heads as vases.
  • Ceramic Vase, Paladin Woman Moor Head

    €650.00
    Ceramic vase, head of a Paladin Moorish woman, Sicily - Italy.
    The paladin is a knight who has reached one of the highest ranks, is part of a religious order and bears the sacred power of faith.
    Handcrafted in ceramic, double fired and hand painted in Italy.
    The moors were members of Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber descent. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756–1492).
    THE LEGEND : 
    During the Arab domination in Sicily, in Palermo city, there was an Arab Suburb called "La Kalsa".
    In this small suburb was living a beautiful young lady who used to spend her time in taking care of the flowers on her balcony.
    One day, a young moor was walking down the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the lady and he truly fell in love with her.
    He did not wait a minute to declare his love for her, and the beautiful young lady, impressed by the lover's boldness, started feeling the same love.
    Unfortunately, the young moor was already married and was father of a few kids... as soon as the young lady found out that he would have left for going back to his family, she waited until the night and killed him while he was sleeping deeply. She cut his head and used it as a vase for her plants, so that she could have him forever by her side.
    As the beauty of this vase was magnificent, all the neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.
    From that moment, they decide to create ceramics moor heads as vases.
  • Ceramic Vase, Woman Moor Head

    €667.00
    Ceramic vase, head of a Moorish woman, Sicily - Italy.
    Handcrafted in ceramic, double fired and hand painted in Italy.
    The moors were members of Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber descent. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756–1492).
    THE LEGEND : 
    During the Arab domination in Sicily, in Palermo city, there was an Arab Suburb called "La Kalsa".
    In this small suburb was living a beautiful young lady who used to spend her time in taking care of the flowers on her balcony.
    One day, a young moor was walking down the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the lady and he truly fell in love with her.
    He did not wait a minute to declare his love for her, and the beautiful young lady, impressed by the lover's boldness, started feeling the same love.
    Unfortunately, the young moor was already married and was father of a few kids... as soon as the young lady found out that he would have left for going back to his family, she waited until the night and killed him while he was sleeping deeply. She cut his head and used it as a vase for her plants, so that she could have him forever by her side.
    As the beauty of this vase was magnificent, all the neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.
    From that moment, they decide to create ceramics moor heads as vases.
  • Ceramic Vase, Woman Moor Head, Mix Colors

    €575.00
    Ceramic vase, head of a Moorish woman, Sicily - Italy.
    Handcrafted in ceramic, double fired and hand painted in Italy.
    The moors were members of Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber descent. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756–1492).
    THE LEGEND : 
    During the Arab domination in Sicily, in Palermo city, there was an Arab Suburb called "La Kalsa".
    In this small suburb was living a beautiful young lady who used to spend her time in taking care of the flowers on her balcony.
    One day, a young moor was walking down the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the lady and he truly fell in love with her.
    He did not wait a minute to declare his love for her, and the beautiful young lady, impressed by the lover's boldness, started feeling the same love.
    Unfortunately, the young moor was already married and was father of a few kids... as soon as the young lady found out that he would have left for going back to his family, she waited until the night and killed him while he was sleeping deeply. She cut his head and used it as a vase for her plants, so that she could have him forever by her side.
    As the beauty of this vase was magnificent, all the neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.
    From that moment, they decide to create ceramics moor heads as vases.
  • Ceramic Vase, Woman Moor Head, 8 Colors

    €600.00
    Ceramic vase, head of a Moorish woman, Sicily - Italy.
    Handcrafted in ceramic, double fired and hand painted in Italy.
    The moors were members of Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber descent. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756–1492).
    THE LEGEND : 
    During the Arab domination in Sicily, in Palermo city, there was an Arab Suburb called "La Kalsa".
    In this small suburb was living a beautiful young lady who used to spend her time in taking care of the flowers on her balcony.
    One day, a young moor was walking down the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the lady and he truly fell in love with her.
    He did not wait a minute to declare his love for her, and the beautiful young lady, impressed by the lover's boldness, started feeling the same love.
    Unfortunately, the young moor was already married and was father of a few kids... as soon as the young lady found out that he would have left for going back to his family, she waited until the night and killed him while he was sleeping deeply. She cut his head and used it as a vase for her plants, so that she could have him forever by her side.
    As the beauty of this vase was magnificent, all the neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.
    From that moment, they decide to create ceramics moor heads as vases.
  • Ceramic Vase, Moor Man Head with Lemons

    €800.00

    Ceramic vase, male Moor's head with representation of beautiful yellow lemons, made entirely by hand in Sicily - Italy.

    Handcrafted in ceramic, double firing and hand painted.

    The Moors were members of the Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber origin. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756-1492).

    THE LEGEND :

    During the Arab domination in Sicily, in the city of Palermo there was an Arab suburb called "La Kalsa".

    In this small suburb lived a beautiful young woman who spent her time tending to the flowers on her balcony.

    One day a young Moor was walking under the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the young lady and he fell in love with her.

    He did not wait a minute to declare his love and the beautiful young girl, impressed by the audacity of the lover, quickly experienced the same love.

    Unfortunately, the young Moor was already married and had several children ... as soon as the young woman found out that he could leave to find his family, one day she waited for night and killed him while he slept soundly. She cut off his head and used it as a vase for her plants so she could have him forever by her side.

    As the beauty of this vase was remarkable, the whole neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.

    From this moment, the creation of vases in the shape of the heads of Moors began...

  • Ceramic Vase, Moor Man Head with Figs

    €800.00

    Ceramic vase, male Moor's head with representation of figs, made entirely by hand in Sicily - Italy.

    Handcrafted in ceramic, double firing and hand painted.

    The Moors were members of the Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber origin. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756-1492).

    THE LEGEND :

    During the Arab domination in Sicily, in the city of Palermo there was an Arab suburb called "La Kalsa".

    In this small suburb lived a beautiful young woman who spent her time tending to the flowers on her balcony.

    One day a young Moor was walking under the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the young lady and he fell in love with her.

    He did not wait a minute to declare his love and the beautiful young girl, impressed by the audacity of the lover, quickly experienced the same love.

    Unfortunately, the young Moor was already married and had several children ... as soon as the young woman found out that he could leave to find his family, one day she waited for night and killed him while he slept soundly. She cut off his head and used it as a vase for her plants so she could have him forever by her side.

    As the beauty of this vase was remarkable, the whole neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.

    From this moment, the creation of vases in the shape of the heads of Moors began...

  • Ceramic Vase, Man Moor Head Baroque

    €584.00

    Vase of a Moor Head made in ceramic, Sicily - Italy. Borbon King, old ancient white finishing, ceramic, double cooking. The moors were members of Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber descent. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756–1492).

  • Ceramic Vase, Woman Moor Head with Figs

    €825.00
    Woman Moor Head Vase made in ceramic White and Blue, made in Sicily - Italy. Old ancient finishing, ceramic, double cooking entirely made and painted by hand in Caltagirone. The moors were members of Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber descent.
  • Ceramic Vase, Coral Moor-Head Lady - H50cm

    €825.00

    Ceramic vase, head of a Moorish woman, a traditional Sicilian achievement - Italy. This magnificent vase is produced and painted by hand in Caltagirone in Sicily and distributed exclusively by Arteslonga.

    Handcrafted in ceramic, double firing. Entirely made and painted by hand in Caltagirone (Italy).

    The Moors were members of the Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber origin. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756-1492).

    THE LEGEND :

    During the Arab domination in Sicily, in the city of Palermo there was an Arab suburb called "La Kalsa".

    In this small suburb lived a beautiful young woman who spent her time tending to the flowers on her balcony.

    One day a young Moor was walking under the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the young lady and he fell in love with her.

    He did not wait a minute to declare his love and the beautiful young girl, impressed by the audacity of the lover, quickly experienced the same love.

    Unfortunately, the young Moor was already married and had several children ... as soon as the young woman found out that he could leave to find his family, one day she waited for night and killed him while he slept soundly. She cut off his head and used it as a vase for her plants so she could have him forever by her side.

    As the beauty of this vase was remarkable, the whole neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.

    From this moment, the creation of vases in the shape of the heads of Moors began...

  • Ceramic Vase, Coral Moor-Head Man - H50cm

    €825.00

    Ceramic vase, head of a Moorish man, a traditional Sicilian achievement - Italy. This magnificent vase is produced and painted by hand in Caltagirone in Sicily and distributed exclusively by Arteslonga.

    Handcrafted in ceramic, double firing. Entirely made and painted by hand in Caltagirone (Italy).

    The Moors were members of the Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber origin. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756-1492).

    THE LEGEND :

    During the Arab domination in Sicily, in the city of Palermo there was an Arab suburb called "La Kalsa".

    In this small suburb lived a beautiful young woman who spent her time tending to the flowers on her balcony.

    One day a young Moor was walking under the lady's balcony. He noticed the beauty of the young lady and he fell in love with her.

    He did not wait a minute to declare his love and the beautiful young girl, impressed by the audacity of the lover, quickly experienced the same love.

    Unfortunately, the young Moor was already married and had several children ... as soon as the young woman found out that he could leave to find his family, one day she waited for night and killed him while he slept soundly. She cut off his head and used it as a vase for her plants so she could have him forever by her side.

    As the beauty of this vase was remarkable, the whole neighborhood wanted to own a similar one.

    From this moment, the creation of vases in the shape of the heads of Moors began...

  • Moor Head Ceramic Vase H41cm

    €600.00
    Ceramic vase in the shape of a Moor's head, matte finish, Sicily - Italy. Six colors are available. Handcrafted in ceramic, double firing. Entirely made and painted by hand. All decorations are individually hand painted making each piece unique. The Moors were members of the Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber origin. In the 8th century, they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756-1492).
  • Ceramic Vase, Man Moor Head Gold & Blue Sky

    €600.00
    Woman Moor Head Vase made in ceramic Black and Blue Sky, made in Sicily - Italy. Old ancient finishing, ceramic, double cooking entirely made and painted by hand in Caltagirone. The moors were members of Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber descent.
  • Ceramic Vase, Woman Moor Head White & Blue

    €800.00
    Woman Moor Head Vase made in ceramic White and Blue, made in Sicily - Italy. Old ancient finishing, ceramic, double cooking entirely made and painted by hand in Caltagirone. The moors were members of Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber descent.
  • Ceramic vase, Moor-Head Man - Prickly pear

    €800.00

    Moor-Head Man, Vase made in ceramic with Prickly pear, made in Sicily - Italy.

    Old ancient finishing, ceramic, double cooking entirely made and painted by hand in Caltagirone.

  • Ceramic vase, Moor-Head Woman - Prickly pear

    €800.00

    Woman Moor Head Vase made in ceramic with Prickly pear, made in Sicily - Italy. Old ancient finishing, ceramic, double cooking entirely made and painted by hand in Caltagirone.

  • Ceramic Vase, Man Moor Head

    €800.00

    Vase of a Moor Head made in ceramic, Sicily - Italy. Borbon King, old ancient white finishing, ceramic, double cooking. The moors were members of Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber descent. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa, Sicily and Spain, where they established a civilization (756–1492).